The medical term for hair loss is “alopecia.” Alopecia is a disease in which the body attacks its own hair follicles and causes hair loss. Alopecia can affect any part of the body but mostly the visible effects are seen on the head and eyebrows, eyelashes, and face.
Alopecia Areata causes hair to fall out in small patches. When the immune system attacks the hair follicles, it results in hair loss issues. Alopecia areata can affect both males and females.
Alopecia may result in alopecia universalis, which prevents hair from growing back. And even if the hair grows back, it may fall out again.
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The possible causes of alopecia may be hormones and genes, excess stress, nutrition, thyroid, childbirth issues, etc.
Hair loss can also be caused by weight changes, menstruation cycle changes, and restrictive dieting. Family history can also be one of the most important reasons behind alopecia hair loss.
There are different types of alopecia.
Alopecia areata causes hair to fall out, usually in round or oval patches on the scalp where hair grows such as the beard, eyebrows, or eyelashes. Alopecia areata refers to bald patches or spots on the scalp.
AT (Alopecia totalis) condition characterized by the complete loss of hair across the entire scalp. People who experience alopecia areata can eventually develop alopecia unversalis or totalis ranging from 7% to 25%.
Alopecia Universalis hair loss condition results in the complete loss of hair on the scalp and body. This condition affects the entire scalp, eyebrows and eyelashes, and pubic hair also.
These are the 3 main types of alopecia, but they can also be classified into – Alopecia areata barbae, Alopecia areata multicularis, Alopecia areata monocular, Traumatic alopecia, is depending upon the hair loss type, body areas, patches, or spots.
It’s a common hair loss problem in both men and women. It is largely known as male pattern baldness and female pattern baldness.
Men can suffer from balding in their teenage years or early 20s. In this condition, men lose their hair from the crown and frontal scalp.
Women can also experience extensive hair loss at the crown area along with hair thinning over the entire scalp.
Mesotherapy is also used to treat hair loss from alopecia. In this treatment natural plant extracts, vitamins, or medicines like finasteride and minoxidil into the head. There are 90-92% improvements with various mesotherapy treatments as It helps the hair follicles grow faster.
Traction alopecia is caused by constant pulling. The hair pulling leads to the development of bald patches. This condition is mostly developed when a tight ponytail, bun, or braids hairstyle is used too much, and specially if you use chemicals or heat on your hair.
PRP hair treatments are very impactful for traction alopecia. In this treatment, platelet-rich plasma is obtained from blood and injected into the scalp where there are signs of traction alopecia.
Microneedling for hair loss can help to treat androgenic alopecia. Microneedling and PRP are safe and effective therapy for the hair loss treatment of androgenetic alopecia.
When experiencing alopecia you may have symptoms of –
- • Small bald patches on your scalp
- • Burning and itchiness on the scalp
- • Sudden hair loss issues on other parts of the face, like the eyebrows, eyelashes, and beard, as well as other parts of the body.
If you have extensive hair loss issues, then a doctor can diagnose alopecia by performing a scalp biopsy. In this biopsy procedure, a small piece of your scalp skin is removed for analysis. Blood tests can also be done to find out the main cause of alopecia. Trichogram is also used to measure the extent and cause hair loss as well as provide information on the current stage of the hair cycle.
Alopecia areata can affect people of all ages and genders. And yes, the hair often grows back with the help of medications and various hair loss treatments that may help stimulate regrowth. In most cases, patients do recover from alopecia areata within 1 year. However, many patients may experience more than one episode and alopecia can become a long-term hair condition.
There are several hair loss treatments and remedies available depending upon the type of hair loss.
1. Topical creams, lotions, and medicines
Minoxidil (Rogaine) can help to promote hair growth in males. It may take up to 6 months to 1 year to see the results.
2. Hair transplant surgery
In this surgery, hair follicles are removed from one part of the head are transplanted into the bald areas. The hair transplant surgery is performed in patients with severe hair loss conditions, usually after topical creams have failed.
3. PRP Hair Treatment
PRP hair therapy (platelet-rich plasma) is a non-surgical alternative treatment for baldness and hair loss when compared to traditional hair transplant surgery. PRP for hair loss therapy is beneficial in improving hair density.
In this treatment, your own blood is drawn and put into a centrifuge to separate it into 3 layers – platelet-poor plasma, platelet-rich plasma, red blood cells. The platelet-rich plasma is drawn up into a syringe and injected into the scalp area over a course of treatment sessions.
Anti-inflammatory medication can help decrease inflammation and damage hair follicles and alopecia areata. If you have any hair loss concerns, please seek medical advice from your doctor.
To prevent hair loss issues, try and maintain a balanced and nutritious diet. You may need to avoid things like, chemically treatments or bleaching your hair, avoid blow dryers, and heat styling tools. Avoid pulling or tugging at the hair and be gentle insensitive/ building areas.